|Here are links to some useful references and other resources for district energy, combined heat and power, and waste heat recovery. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org if you would like to suggest additional items.
- Acronyms commonly used in district energy context.
- American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) Research Report E121, Jan. 11, 2012: "The Long-Term Energy Efficiency Potential: What the Evidence Suggests."
The report outlines three scenarios under which the U.S. could either continue along its current path, or reduce overall energy consumption by 40 to 60 percent by 2050. The report concludes that a pattern of productive efficiency investments would drive a net gain of almost two million jobs even as consumers save an average of $400 billion per year (the equivalent of about $2,600 per household).
- "Analysis of Impacts of a Clean Energy Standard, as requested by Chairman Bingaman," U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC, Nov. 2011. This report addresses an August 2011 request to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) from Senator Jeff Bingaman, Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, for an analysis of the impacts of a Clean Energy Standard (CES). The request, outlined in the initial letter and later amended (Appendix A), sets out specific assumptions and scenarios for the study.
- "Background Report on EU-27 District Heating and Cooling Potentials, Barriers, Best Practice and Measures of Promotion"-JRC Scientific and Policy Report (Report EUR 25289 EN), David Andrews, Anna Krook Riekkola, Evangelos Tzimas, Joana Serpa, Johan Carlsson, Nico Pardo-Garcia, Ioulia Papaioannou, European Commission, 2012. Preliminary assessments were performed on the likely cost and impact of adopting an EU wide approach to Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and District Heating- CHP-DH by studying three representative cities. This report addresses the practical way in which this unusable low grade heat can be upgraded to a temperature suitable to both heat and cool cities with the technique of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) and District Heating (DH) and District Cooling (DC) collectively termed CHP-DH. Space and domestic water heating for buildings is currently one of the largest sectoral energy uses - about 43% of the total EU final energy consumption (excl. transport) - and is the most problematic to decarbonize.
- Biomass Literature Review,Tom Evans, NH Wood Biomass Heat and Power Task Force and Plymouth State University, Feb. 19, 2010.
- Canada: 2013 District Energy Inventory: Published by the Canadian Industrial Energy End-use Data and Analysis Centre (CIEEDAC); has identified 116 operating systems across the country.
- Canmet: Proactive disclosure list of Canadian government contracts over $10,000 and Grants and Awards over $25,000.
- "The Capacity for Integrated Community Energy Solutions (ICES) Policies to Reduce Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions," white paper prepared for Quality Urban Energy Systems of Tomorrow (QUEST) by MK Jaccard and Associates Inc., Vancouver BC, Canada, Aug. 25, 2010.
"Combined Heat and Power Systems: Improving the Energy Efficiency of Our Manufacturing Plants, Buildings, and Other Facilities," National Resources Defense Council, April 2013.
- Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey, U.S. Energy Information Administration; contact: Eileen O'Brien, 202-586-1122, Eileen.O'Brien@eia.gov.
- City of Prince George, BYLAW to authorize the City of Prince George to enter into an energy supply agreement with Lakeland Mills Ltd.
- "Cogeneration and District Energy: Sustainable energy technologies for today...and tomorrow," Report from the International Energy Agency, April 2009. This report can enable regulataors and others seeking to implement the G8 Heiligendamm charge by adapting the policies to their particular situation and increasing the share of CHP in electricity generation.
- "Cogeneration and Renewables: Solutions for a Low-Carbon Energy Future," Report from the International Energy Agency, May 2011. This paper fills a gap in the energy discussion by focusing on two low-carbon options: co-generation and renewables and also on heat. The need for a holistic approach to these three topics arises from a realisation that strong synergies can exist between the three.
- "Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard."
In this paper, IDEA advocates and explains in detail why including CHP in a CES will provide a four-way win: reduce consumer and industrial costs, enhance energy security, increase energy efficiency and reduce emissions.
- "Combined Heat and Power and Campus Carbon Footprint Reduction, An undergraduate Honors Thesis written by a research team from the University of Maryland, College Park. The preliminary findings were presented at the IDEA 24th Annual Campus Energy Conference in Miami, Fla., February 2011.
- "Community Energy: Planning, Development and Delivery," Guide to support private and public developers, local authorities, landowners, building operators and communities in the development of "decentralized energy" heat networks. Over 60% of the primary energy in fuel is wasted as unwanted heat at power stations. If electricity is generated closer to densely populated areas, this wasted heat can be used to heat buildings through such district energy or "decentralized energy" heat networks.
- "Community Roadmap for Woody Biomass Energy," Step-by-step guide for communities to evaluate existing and potential district energy systems that use woody biomass for fuel, created by the Plymouth State University in Plymouth, New Hampshire, and the New Hampshire North Country Resource Conservation and Development Area.
- Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data, Tom Stoffel, Dave Renné, Daryl Myers, Steve Wilcox, Manajit Sengupta, Ray George, Craig Turchi, Technical Report NREL/TP-550-47465 September 2010.
- "The Copenhagen that Matters," Thomas L. Friedman, The New York Times, 12/22/2009. This op-ed columnist says that while Denmark's long-term energy taxes and other national strategies have made Denmark energy-secure and started a new industry, U.S. politicians hold that proposing even a 10-cent-a-gallon increase in gasoline taxes to make America more energy independent and to stimulate fuel efficiency is "off the table," an act of sure political suicide. Alternative local link to column.
- District Cooling Best Practice Guide, representing thousands of man-hours of compiled experience, the text and illustrations of this hard-cover reference book published by the International District Energy Association provide practical insight and technical guidance on the "business" of designing, owning and operating district cooling systems.
- District Energy magazine, serves as the central information resource for district energy industry professionals. Since first published by IDEA in 1915, it continues to be an authoritative source of district energy industry information because of the high quality of its articles and columns, most of which are contributed by volunteer authors.
- "District Energy in Cities," published in 2015 by the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP). Explains that reducing the energy consumed to heat and cool cities is the key to keeping global temperature rise to 2°C. A transition to modern district energy systems could contribute to 60 per cent of required energy sector emissions reductions by 2050, and reduce primary energy consumption by up to 50 per cent.
- European Union (EU) Cogeneration Directive (COGEN Europe) is promoting CHP to reduce bloc dependence on imported energy, enhance energy efficiency and reach climate goals by reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
"Financing Urban District Energy Systems: Trends and Policy Implications (Final Report)," Karl F. Seldman and Drew Pierson, MIT CoLab, January 2013. This detailed report on trends in the development of district energy systems and their financing presented and applied to projects in Portland, Oregon. Supported by The Green Economic Development Initiative (GEDI).
- "Getting the Most from Energy," Tom Casten and Philip M. Schewe, American Scientist, Feb. 2009, pp. 25-33. The authors of this landmark article describe the cultivation of an improved way of thinking that not only integrates a concern for energy flow at the design stage and includes the cost of environmental impact, but also brings the generation of electric power closer to customers and straightens out the regulatory thickets surrounding power production.
- HeatMap© District Energy Analysis Software for Steam, Hot-Water, and Chilled-Water Systems. HeatMap 3.0 is a Microsoft Windows®-based software tool that aids energy planners in designing and evaluating district energy systems, including cogeneration and geothermal applications. HeatMap was developed by the Washington State University Extension Energy Program (formerly the Washington State Energy Office) in conjunction with numerous sponsors and collaborators. provides comprehensive computerized simulations of district heating and cooling systems, allowing users to analyze the performance of existing networks as well as model proposed systems, expansions, or upgrades. Includes metric (SI) capability and can be used in energy-planning projects worldwide: HeatMap 3.0 operates in your choice of either metric or inch-pound units.
- IDEA District Heating Handbook, 4th Edition
- IDEA Industry Affiliates
- International Energy Agency (IEA) Heat Publications listing
International Energy Outlook—2010 Report #:DOE/EIA-0484(2010); Release Date: May 25, 2010: DOWNLOAD PDF
- "Making Industry Part of the Climate Solution: Policy Options to Promote Energy Efficiency," Report released by the EPA CHP Team by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Georgia Institute of Technology. The report focuses on seven policy options to improve energy efficiency in industry, including output-based emissions standards and a federal energy portfolio standard with CHP.
- Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences in MASSACHUSETTS reports that the greenhouse gas impact on the atmosphere of large-scale use of WOODY BIOMASS for fuel is a complex function of the lifecycle of the biomass being used, the biomass energy technology and the fossil fuel technology it replaces, and the way landowners choose to manage their forests. Click here for more.
- Microgrids presentation: "District Energy/Microgrids: Resilient, Efficient Infrastructure," by Rob Thornton, at New England Restructuring Roundtable, Dec. 21, 2012.
- Microgrids: Select Microgrid Presentations from IDEA Conference Proceedings.
- Oil Industry Conversions: http://alternativeinvestmentcoach.com/commodities/oil-trading/oil-industry-conversion-reference/
- Oregon Institute of Technology Geo-Heat Center Geothermal Information and Technology Transfer
- "Recycling Industrial Waste Energy," by Marcy Lowe and Gary Gereffi (Chapter 7 of Manufacturing Climate Solutions: Carbon-Reducing Technologies and U.S. Jobs, published by Duke University Center on Globalization Governance and Competitiveness, Feb. 27, 2009). The U.S. industrial sector includes many significant opportunities to recycle energy that are currently being discarded. Energy-intensive industrial processes—including refineries and the production of steel, cement, glass and chemicals—often cast off energy in the form of exhaust heat, combustible gases, biomass, and other “waste” energy. These highly recoverable energy resources can be harnessed, with common, well-established technology, to generate electricity.
Together, various forms of recyclable waste energy represent an estimated 100 gigawatts (GW) of potential electric capacity—an amount roughly equal to 10% of the current U.S. grid—requiring no or little additional fuel. The resulting reduction in carbon dioxide emissions (C02) would be an estimated 400 million metric tons.... READ MORE
- Trenchless Drilling seminars: http://www.trenchlessonline.com/index/archived-webinars
- U.S. Federal Business Opportunities
- EXAMPLES OF DISTRICT ENERGY-RELATED MATCHING GRANTS:
- What is District Energy? Fundamental background information about District Energy from the Environmental and Energy Study Institute. EESI is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization established in 1984 by a bipartisan Congressional caucus to provide timely information and develop innovative policy solutions that set us on a cleaner, more secure and sustainable energy path. Now an independent organization, EESI is funded primarily by foundations and other private donors.
- White House Blog on Energy and the Environment. To be added to the distribution list for this source of information from the Executive Branch, please respond directly to the White House Office of Public Engagement: email@example.com.